In the way of Faqr the Murshid Kamil appoints some of his chosen seekers at different places to guide people, after training them spiritually and blessing them with one or more of his attributes. This is referred to as 'Khilafat' and these chosen seekers are called 'Khalifah' (spiritual representatives). The difference between 'Amanat' and 'Khilafat' is that the most special seeker who is chosen to bear the 'Amanat' (Trust) is completely annihilated in the self of his Murshid i.e. he possesses all the attributes of his Murshid and manifests his self, so much so, that in the physical body of that seeker the actual being is that of his Murshid, while the Khalifah is annihilated in some attributes of the Murshid and represent only those attributes.
The actual source, and origin of the divine guidance and righteousness is the Insan-e-Kamil (the Universal Man) who bears the Amanat-e-Elahiya (The Trust of Allah) while the Khalifahs work as his subordinate representatives and execute their duty of guiding people. It isn't necessary for Khilafat that the Khalifah is stationed at Fana-Fillah (annihilated in Allah) Baqa Billah (immortal with Allah). He is only trained according to the requirements of his duty. The relation between the Insan-e-Kamil and his Khalifahs can be understood by the example of a powerhouse and transformers. The powerhouse supplies electricity to the whole city but every area of the city has its own transformer. The actual source of electricity is the powerhouse but this electricity is supplied to all the areas of city through the transformers, according to their potential. Similarly, the actual source of all the spiritual and inward powers is the Murshid Kamil Noor-ul-Huda (the perfect mentor who has the Divine Light of guidance), these powers and Divine light reach from the Murshid Kamil to the seeker but after reflection through the heart of the Khalifahs. If a Khalifah commits a mistake his spiritual powers are taken away and the Light coming from the heart of Murshid Kamil Noor-ul-Huda to his heart ceases and he is demoted from his spiritual level. But, since the Insan-e-Kamil possesses the Trust of Allah and his status is that of belovedness, so his inward powers never cease and he is never demoted, rather it should be said that he never commits a mistake as he is the manifestation of The Divine Self.
In the Sarwari Qadri way, Khilafat is given usually to a very few seekers. In this way the Murshid Kamil Akmal holds the status of the Insan-e-Kamil (The Universal Man) and possesses the Amanat-e-Elahiya (The Trust of Allah) i.e. he is the possessor of Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat so a seeker must contemplate Ism-e-Allah Zaat under his guidance and in his sacred company for gnosis and recognition of Allah, because he can never find this blessing from Khalifahs while Murshid Kamil will bless him by this Divine favour directly. However, after the death of Murshid Kamil Noor-ul-Huda, the inward power of Khalifahs is increased many times because usually the Insan-e-Kamil doesn't appear twice at one place, and the seekers recognize him after a long time at the new place, where he appears.
The terms Sajada Nasheeni or Gadi Nasheeni (holding superior seat of a shrine) are also common now a days and usually people wrongly think that a superior of a shrine is also the spiritual successor of the saint whose shrine he is holding. Before the British rule in India, it was true that usually the spiritual successor of the saint also held the Sajada Nasheeni (seat of the superior) of his shrine. But the British rulers made a law to destroy the Khanqahi system of Muslims, that the seat of Sajada Nasheen would also be included in the inheritance. Now according to the laws of inheritance the seat of Sajada Nasheen is also inherited just like other property, by the sons of the saint, whether they deserve it or not. If before death, the saint himself appoints his actual spiritual successor the superior of his shrine, then he will be evicted in a few months through the court and the seat of Sajada Nasheen will be transferred to the sons of the saint as their inheritance. The fight for the seat of the superior of a shrine is usually seen in the courts by many people or is read in newspapers. Now, it has been intensified so much that it has become a matter of life and death because the inheritance of the property and the income of the shrine are also linked with this seat, even people use this seat to get high position in politics now.
Lacs of people benefited from the court of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan-ul-Faqr Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and had spiritual experiences, but here we will discuss only those Khalifahs (spiritual representatives) who got the Khilafat directly from him.
Once, Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh visited Daman-e-Koh, western Jabal-e-Aswad in Punjab. Here, he saw a child who was grazing a cow. The eternal Divinity of that child shook the beneficence of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who made this child Majzoob-il-Allah (a frenzied seeker of Allah) by his one glance. Divine Light enlightened the sacred body of that child and he started moving around Sultan-ul-Arifeen like a moth. This child was Sultan Naurang Khetran Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He served his Murshid Sultan-ul-Arifeen for 30 years and left after being blessed with Khilafat. His shrine is in 'Wahwa' a small town near Dera Ghazi Khan at the foot of Jabal-e-Aswad. This shrine is known by the name "Darbar of Sultan Sahib" and visited by everyone. Hazrat Naurang Sultan blessed thousands of people with Divine persuasion and guidance to spread the bounty of his Murshid. The spiritual beneficence is still continued from his shrine.
Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh once went to Jung, a town in Sanghar, to spread the Divine beneficence. There, he stayed in a mosque. A child, whose name was Lal Shah, passed by him. The sacred attention of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo affected him so much that the passion of Divine Love aroused in him. He remained seated in the sacred service of Sultan-ul-Arifeen the whole night. When the guardians of the child came to the mosque searching him, they found him in the service of Sultan-ul-Arifeen. They tried their best to take the child home but he refused completely. They informed his father Budhen Shah who came with his disciples and friends and requested Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh to allow the child to go home as his mother was worried very much. Sultan-ul-Arifeen said to Budhan Shah "this child is not your property, Allah has entrusted his destiny and beneficence to me so his spiritual training is now my duty". Listening this Budhan Shah started trembling and requested humbly "Ya Hazrat! Lal Shah is now yours".
Shaikh Budhan belonged to a rich family of Pirs. He had two wives. Lal Shah was his first wife's son. He had deserted Lal Shah and his mother since long and didn't care for them. When Lal Shah's mother came to know about the matter she sent a written request to Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo that "I have only one son who is my only hope. Please allow me to come with him, I will also serve you keeping myself veiled". Her husband Shaikh Budhan also allowed her to serve Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo. But Sultan-ul-Arifeen didn't allow the woman to leave her house and ordered her to keep herself veiled in her house. When that woman heard this, she started crying and complaining that why should she be kept deprived of the Divine grace and benefit of such a generous and bountiful person as Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. Listening this, Sultan-ul-Arifeen blessed the woman at her home, there and then with his Divine attention. After that, this woman was so much absorbed in spiritual experiences that she never indulged in worldly affairs. If she ever had to cook food, she put the chapatti on the griddle and got immersed in the ecstatic frenzy, while the chapatti burnt on the griddle.
Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo took Lal Shah with him and asked the servant who served him, to hand over his prayer mat, ablution pot and misvak to Lal Shah. Lal Shah lived with Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo for thirty years and during all this period his possession was only a black blanket, half of which he used to spread under him and covered himself with the other half. After thirty years, Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifeen blessed him with Khilafat and allowed him to go home. At home, he kept himself dressed in the same old blanket, just added a turban of cotton on his head. He performed the duty of persuasion and guidance in his motherland Sanghar. He died in Sanghar and his shrine is also here.
Once Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifeen went to Bhakar. Hazrat Sultan Tayyab Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who was disciple and Khalifah of Hazrat Sher Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and the son of Hazrat Sha'ali Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh lived there. He had no son. When Sultan Tayyab came to know that Sultan-ul-Arifeen had come in Bhakar, he went to meet him and requested him to pray for him. Sultan-ul-Arifeen had two apples, which he gave to Sultan Tayyab and said "ask your wife to eat these, Inshallah Allah will bless you with two sons. One of them will be yours and other will be ours". Then Sultan Tayyab had two sons by the grace of Allah. He named one of them Sultan Abd and the other Sultan Sohara. Sultan Abd was a born mystic.
When the mentor of Sultan Tayyab Hazrat Sher Shah came to know that his disciple had presented his requests before Sultan-ul-Arifeen, he was extremely annoyed. He snatched all the spiritual powers and benefits from Sultan Tayyab, who laid helplessly at his home. Sultan-ul-Arifeen knew the condition of Sultan Tayyab intrinsically, he got angry with Hazrat Sher Shah and complained against him in the sacred court of Hazoor Akram Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam, who ordered Hazrat Sher Shah to bless his disciple Sultan Tayyab sixty times more than before.
Hazrat Sultan Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is one of the most important Khalifahs (spiritual successors) of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He holds a great position in Love for his Murshid. There is very less information available about his life. The only information about him that is obtained from Manaqib-e-Sultani is that he went to Bhakar with Sultan-ul-Arifeen Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. One day, both of them were visiting the suburbs of Bhakar. They reached a deserted hillock and decided to sit there for a while but Sultan-ul-Arifeen said, "Sultan Hameed come down at once from this hillock, it is a home of some cruel being".
Afterwards they took rest in a sandy plane. Sultan-ul-Arifeen placed his head in the lap of Sultan Hameed and laid for some time. His body became dusty. Sultan Hameed was grieved to see this and wished that might he had the material wealth he would have made a bed out of silk and velvet for his Murshid, it was only due to his poverty that the sacred body of his Murshid was dusty. Meanwhile, Sultan-ul-Arifeen raised his head and asked him "what are you thinking?" Sultan Hameed told his feelings. Sultan-ul-Arifeen said "close your eyes". When Sultan Hameed closed his eyes, he saw that an exclusive gathering was going on, in which a beautiful woman in a silk dress with gold ornaments seduced Sultan Hameed and asked him to marry her. Sultan Hameed refused her softly and said her to keep away from him and said to her to be respectful as he was in the service of his Murshid. When Sultan Hameed came out of this Maraqaba (meditation), Sultan-ul-Arifeen asked him what he saw? Sultan Hameed told everything. Sultan-ul-Arifeen said "you were complaining that you don't have material worldly wealth, what you saw was the same, why didn't you accept it? Had you accepted it, you would have become rich for your lifetime". Sultan Hameed replied respectfully "Hazoor I only desire the Light of Allah, I have no need of riches". Sultan-ul-Arifeen said "the effect of Faqr-e-Mohammadi Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam will never ever erase from your family". This prediction of Sultan-ul-Arifeen proved to be true.
The shrine of Sultan Hameed is in the graveyard of Mian Usman at Daman Chol to the north of Bhakar.
Hazrat Syed Mohammad Musa Shah was commonly known by the title of Mosan Shah. His family lineage traces back to Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu through Syed Abdul Jabar Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. The lineage is as follows:
Syed Musa Shah bin Syed Abid bin Syed Abdul Jalil bin Syed Kamal-ud-Din Shah bin Syed Mubarak Shah Baghdadi Adil Puri bin Syed Hussain Dehlvi bin Syed Mohammad Mukki Al Arabi bin Syed Younus bin Syed Ahmad bin Syed Jafar bin Syed Abdul Qadir Sani bin Syed Abu Nauman bin Syed Hameed-ud-Din bin Syed Abdul Jaleel bin Syed Abdul Jabbar bin Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. Syed Musa Shah was a resident of Ghotaki. His father Syed Abid died in his childhood. A potter went to Punjab to meet Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh, Syed Musa accompanied him. Sultan-ul-Arifeen persuaded him to get education and sent a message for his mother to educate him first and then sent him to Sultan-ul-Arifeen. So Syed Musa came back, got educated and then returned to Sultan-ul-Arifeen with the same dervish potter. But they found that he had died. Syed Mosan Shah was told that one day before the death, Sultan-ul-Arifeen wrote "Ism-e-Allah" with his finger on a paper and gave it to his sons saying that Mosan Shah is coming from the south, give this paper to him. As soon as, Mosan Shah saw that "Ism-e-Allah" he became perfect and accomplished spiritually. He dissolved the paper in water and drank it.
According to an estimate, Syed Mosan Shah benefited almost one lac people spiritually in Sind. His teachings removed many wrong innovations in the religion, in Sind. He made Lo Sahiban his centre, which is in the middle of Rohari and Ghotaki in Sind. In 1148 Hijri (1735 A.D) he built a great mosque here. Now this area is famous by the name of "Lo Mosan".
He died on Monday 8th Zilhaj 1173 Hijri (21st July 1760). His shrine is near the mosque built by him and is visited by all.
The shrines of these two brothers are famous by the name of "Darbar-e-Shahan" in Khushab. There is not much information available about them except that both the brothers were disciples and Khalifahs of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and according to a tradition they were in the army of Almaghir. When Alamgir had war with Dara Shikoh and Dara Shikoh was about to overcome Alamgir's army, Alamgir requested these brothers to pray for his success. At last, he succeeded by their prayer but afterwards they could not stay in the army. They got settled in Khushab and died there.
He came to meet Sultan-ul-Arifeen from Dhadhar, an area in Qandhar Balochistan, and was blessed with Khilafat after taking oath of allegiance and persuasion. He started guiding and persuading people on the path of righteousness in the life of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. It is said about him that he was the first Khalifah of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. His shrine is in 'Kurk' near Sibbi (Balochistan, Pakistan) and is known by the name of "Ziarat Akhund Mua'ali".
He came with Mulla Mua'ali Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh to meet Sultan-ul-Arifeen Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and got the spiritual beneficence from him. His shrine is in Qandhar (Balochistan, Pakistan).
He also came to meet Sultan-ul-Arifeen Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh with Mulla Mua'ali and got spiritual beneficence. His shrine is in Dhadhar (Balochistan, Pakistan).
He was a resident of Sardar Pur, a village in the east of river Ravi, around Multan. Once, Sultan-ul-Arifeen visited Sardar Pur where, he met Shaikh Junaid Quraishi who gave a feast in his honour. Shaikh Junaid ordered his servants to cook 'Sangari' for the feast. It is a fruit of the tree of Jund and is long, thin and hard like vermaciles. When, it was cooked, it turned into actual vermaciles by the spiritual powers of Sultan-ul-Arifeen. It was presented before Sultan-ul-Arifeen, he asked the servants to get some pure dust and water and then put the dust and water on vermaciles, which miraculously changed into sugar and ghee.
Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifeen blessed Shaikh Junaid with spiritual beneficence. His shrine is in the same village of Sardar Pur.
He was the son of Shaikh Junaid. When he came to meet Sultan-ul-Arifeen as a seeker of The Divine Truth, he heard someone saying 'Hoo' from the closet of Sultan-ul-Arifeen. He entered the closet anxiously but found no one. He came out, but again heard the voice of 'Hoo', again went into the closet but found no one. Similarly, he went in and out of the closet many times. At last, when his anxiety and the desire to see Sultan-ul-Arifeen reached its peak and he became extremely restless, then Sultan-ul-Arifeen blessed him with his vision. Afterwards he took oath of allegiance from him and blessed him with Khilafat. His shrine is adjacent to his father Shaikh Junaid's shrine.
His shrine is at the back of the shrine of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He was the son of Sharif Shah Hamadani Danda Shah Bahawal. Once, he came at the shrine of Sultan-ul-Arifeen, who blessed him so much that he never left the shrine after that. He spent his whole life at the shrine, died in the steps of his beloved Sultan-ul-Arifeen in 1328 Hijri and was buried in the shrine. Sultan-ul-Faqr Sixth Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh used to say that Sultan-ul-Arifeen once said to Lal Shah Hamadani "you are my beloved, I will keep looking you from my shrine whole of your life, and after your death I will let your grave be made near my shrine and till the Doomsday, I will keep looking you in your grave". (Subhan Allah)