Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is the Murshid of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan-ul-Faqr Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He belonged to the progeny of Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. Details about his life are hidden from the world just as details about other Mashaikh of Sarwari Qadri Order are hidden. They all do not like fame, so they keep themselves away from people, thus, details about their lives remain secret.
According to the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani "Syed Abdul Rehman Dehlvi held a government post in Dehli and was the key holder and trustee of the royal treasury, so he was provided with armed security and a safe place to live. When he met his disciples, he used to hide his face with a viel because people could not bear the effects of The Light of Divine Reality and Majesty luminous on his sacred face. Thus he held a great position in worldly life as well as in Faqr".
|This statement of Manaqib-e-Sultani gives rise to following confusions:|
|1.||Since Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi held a great position in Faqr, many seekers of Allah had been meeting him to reach the Divine Truth through his medium, the Indian writers have also stated in their books that lacs of people were benefited through him. Had he been on a high government post, it would not have been possible because then, he must have been busy in doing his worldly duties. Moreover, none of the Indian historians have mentioned his name as a high royal official. Other Indian writers have mentioned just a few lines about him in reference to his shrine. If he was a high government official and incharge and trustee of the royal treasury, he must have contacts with all the members of royal family, other officials and servants. In the reign of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb dozens of historians were appointed to write each and every moment of the history but no one has ever mentioned his name as an important royal official which seems absurd.|
|2.||When Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo went to the mosque of Dehli immediately after meeting Syed Abdul Rehman, everyone in the mosque was affected by his attention except Aurangzeb, Qazi and Kotwal, afterward Aurangzeb requested for the blessings to Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo, so he wrote Risala Aurang Shahi for him. It is not possible that during this meeting, Aurangzeb had not asked him about his purpose of coming to Dehli, and he would not have told him that he had come to meet Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi. Had Syed Abdul Rehman been a government official, Aurengzeb would have recognized him immediately and must have added him to his special advisors.|
|3.||Putting veil on face had never been a tradition of Sarwari Qadri Mashaikh. This act makes a person more famous and known among people, while Sarwari Qadri mentors never like fame and prefer to remain unknown. They also prefer to keep away from the rulers and like to remain among common people.|
|4.||His shrine is in old Dehli at a long distance from Lahori Darwaza, adjacent to the Shrine is Shah Abdul Rehman mosque. This also shows that he didn't live inside the fort, rather he always lived among common people and blessed them with his benevolence.|
All the above arguments prove that the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani has not researched before writing the above statement about Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani, neither he travelled to Dehli to confirm it. He only wrote what he listened from someone in the family without confirmation.
In 1934 Syed Tajamal Shah Naqvi Achvi's book "Bagh-e-Saadat" was published, its second edition was published in 1947. Now this book is rare, although it is confirmed that its first edition was published in 1934 as its reference is present in Sharif-ul-Tawareekh, which was also published in 1934 after it. On page 61 of "Bagh-e-Saadat" the family lineage of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani is given as:
|Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu|
|Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh|
|Abu Saleh Nasar|
|Syed Ahmad Shah|
|Syed Abdul Qadir|
|Syed Abdul Latif|
|Syed Abdul Rehman, commonly known by the name of Bholoo Shah buried in Dehli, mentor of Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh.|
This lineage continues as:
|Pir Habib Shah|
|Pir Rajab Shah|
|Pir Allah Baksh|
|Pir Karam Shah|
|Zaman Shah (Shrine is in Village Tung, Isa Khel Mianwali, Pakistan)|
The main objection on this lineage record is that Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani has never been known by the name of Bholoo Shah. In fact, Bholoo Shah was another Qadri Saint in 1200 Hijri. His shrine is at a distance of two or three kilometers from the shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman. We can find a few details about him in the old and new Indian history books. All the writers have written his name Bholoo Shah except Ghulam Yahyaa Anjum, who has written his name "Shah Behlan urf Bhollo Shah" in "Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria" volume 3.
Bholoo Shah was a Majzoob Qadri saint (one lost in Divine meditation) who migrated to Dehli from Punjab. He was the disciple and khalifah of Abdul Hamid in Qadri order. In the book "Waqiat Dar-ul-Hakomat Dehli" (vol:2) it is written about him that: "the shrine of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh (1201 Hijri) which was in Kabli Darwaza, has been removed, but its remains are there and everyone knows its place. He was a saint of Qadri order who died in 1201 Hijri. The shrine of his disciple Shah Mohammad Hafeez is near his shrine and his son Shah Ghulam Mohammad is also buried nearby. The Urs of Bholoo Shah is held on 19th of Muharram. (page 473)
The book "Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Dehli" compiled by Mohammad Alam Shah Fareedi, published in 1927 A.D is the first book on the shrines of Dehli. Its second edition was published in 1930, the writer and publisher migrated to Pakistan in 1947. This book was republished in 2006 from Dehli with corrections and new information added by Doctor Hafeez-ur-Rehman Siddiquee. In this book, it is written: "Bholoo Shah (1789), Shrine in old Dehli near Kabli Darwaza- He belonged to Punjab and was Khalifah of Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Qadri order. He also had the privilege of having the company of Maulana Fakhar-ud-Din Chishti and Shah Nano. Bholoo Shah was a majzoob saint, he died on 20th Moharram, 1204 Hijri (1789 A.D) in the reign of Shah Alam II. His shrine is outside Kabli Darwaza. (published in Dehli, India-page 157-158).
In "Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat-e-Dehli" (guide of shrines of Dehli) it is written about him that:
|He (Hazrat Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh) was a disciple and Khalifah of Hazrat Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Qadri Razzaqi order and had also enjoyed the company of Hazrat Shah Nano and Hazrat Shah Fakhr-ud-Din. He died on 20th Moharram 1204 Hijri. His shrine is near the railway line, under the left side of the Mithai Bridge (Lahori gate 4 old Dehli 6), a mosque is built nearby. Hazrat Shah Hafeez-ur-Rehman was the special disciple of Shah Bholoo, who died on 30th Ziqa'ad 1236 Hijri in the reign of Akbar Shah II and was buried near his murshid. Hazrat Shah Ghulam Mohammad was Shah Hafeez-ur-Rehman's son and khalifah, his grave is at the feet of his father's grave who was also his mentor". (published in Dehli India-page 284-286)|
Ghulam Yahya Anjum writes in "Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria" (vol:3):
|"Hazrat Shah Behlan commonly known by the name of Bholoo shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh belonged to Qadria Razzaqia order. He was disciple and khalifah of Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and also benefited from Maulana Fakhar-ud-Din Chishti. He was a Majzoob devotee, died on 19th Moharram 1204 Hijri (1789 A.D) and was buried in 'Takya Bholoo shah' which is adjacent to Kabli Darwaza in Dehli. His devotees celebrate basant in the spring season at his shrine with great enthusiasm". (published in Dehli India-page 291)|
All the above statements prove that the lineage record of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh given by the writer of "Bagh-e-Sadaat" by the name of Bholoo Shah is definitely not of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani but of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who migrated to Dehli from Punjab and got beneficence from Shah Abdul Hameed of Qadria order. His family remained back in Punjab, that is why, his Khalifah Shah Mohammad Hafeez became his successor and supervisor of his shrine and after Shah Mohammad Hafeez, his son succeeded him. Their shrines are also near the shrine of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. While the shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is situated about 2 kilometers away from his shrine at Lahori gate Sadar Bazar Railway station Railway Colony Muslim Waqf Board Quarters old Dehli 6.
It is written in "Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Dehli":
|"He (Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi) was amongst the great and authoritative saints. He was disciple and Khalifah (spiritual successor) of Syed Abdul Jalil Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Qadria Order and the Murshid of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh, who is the great famous saint of Punjab. Syed Abdul Rehman Dehlvi was a Man of Divine powers and had a miraculous personality. His shrine is in the compound behind the waiting room of railway station Sadar Bazar. He died in the last days of the reign of ShahJahan or beginning of Alamgir's reign. The exact date and year of death is not known. (First edition, published in Dehli 1927)|
The books written after this book just copied details about Syed Abdul Rehmatn Dehlvi from this book. In "Rehnuma-e-Maqamat-e-Muqqaddas Dehli" it is written about the shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi:
|"His shrine is adjacent to Sadar Station Dehli. He is from the progeny of Syedna Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. He was a great saint. The famous saint of Punjab Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo was his Khalifah-e-Azam (the superior spiritual successor). It was due to his saintly powers that his shrine was saved by the government while the construction of the road and the railway track, the government also tiled its compound, made an iron fence around it and made a pavement to reach the shrine". (Published in 1914 in Dehli)|
Doctor Ghulam Yahyaa Anjum writes in "Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria" (vol:3):
|"Hazrat Syedna Shaikh Abdul Rehman Gillani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was one of the most eminent saints of Dehli. His genealogy traces back to Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadria Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. He was distinguished in piety and mysticism and held a high position in revelations and miracles. Syed Abdul Rehman Gillani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh received the beneficence of Qadira way from Syed Abdul Jaleel Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh, whose disciple he was, in the said way. The Qadria way flourished in Dehli and its vicinity due to him. Countless men of Allah became his disciples and he blessed many of them with Khilafat (spiritual succession) and Ijazat (permission and power to guide others). The famous saint Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo was also his disciple". (Published in 2006 in Dehli)|
In "Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat-e-Dehli", it is written in the context of his shrine that:
|"Hazrat Abdul Rehman Gillani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is the murshid of the famous saint of Punjab Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He was an authorized and well known saint of Qadria family and possessor of revelations and miracles". (Published in Dehli in 2007)|
Bale has written in Oriental Biographical Dictionary that Syed Abdul Rehman Gillani was the son of Abdul Aziz Naqshbandi and his daughter was married to the son of Dara Shikoh, Salman Shikoh. Doctor Rama Krishna has the same point of view. But this seems absurd and just a supposition, because Syed Abdul Rehman belonged to Sadaats and all his family, generation after generation, belonged to Qadri order, so it is impossible that his father belonged to Naqshbandi order. It is also confirmed that he migrated to Hind, not his father. This opinion of Bale is not considered authentic by anyone, so none of the old or new writers have ever mentioned it in their books, neither it has any value in Qadri or Sarwari Qadri order.
We have discussed the complete research of all the Indian and Pakistani writers about Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh, which proves that the Indian writers have been just rewriting what had been published in "Aasar-e-Dehli" in 1914 or in "Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Dehli" in 1927 and Pakistani writers have been copying the statement of "Manaqib-e-Sultani". No one has ever taken the pain to go to his shrine and search or even confirm the truth about him.
To find the exact and true details about Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi, it was necessary to ask the superiors (Sajadah Nasheen) of his shrine. Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr contacted the caretaker of the shrine Syed Saleem-uz-Zaman Hashmi who is also the Imam of the adjacent mosque. He had kept safe all the records about the life of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani, which he got generation after generation from his ancestors. According to a manuscript written and signed by Saleem-uz-Zaman Hashmi, the life history of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani is given below.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is the descendant of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. His family lineage reaches Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam in the order:
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi son of Syed Abdul Qadir son of Sharaf-ud-Din son of Syed Ahmed son of Allaudin Sani son of Syed Shahab-ud-Din Sani son of Sharaf-ud-Din Qasim son of Muhayudin Yahyaa son of Badar-ud-Din Hussain son of Allaudin Son of Shams-ud-Din son of Saif-ud-Din son of Zaheer-ud-Din son of Abi Nasar son of Abu Saleh Nasar son of Syedna Abdul Razzaq Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh son of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was born in 1024 Hijri (1615 A.D) in Hammah, Shaam. His father Syed Abdul Qadir Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was a dervish and a perfect saint. He got his early education from his father. At the age of 35 he came to Baghdad from Hammah and secluded at the shrine of his ancestor Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. He remained there in seclusion for 3 years, then he was ordered esoterically by Ghaus-ul-Azam to go to India and meet Syed Abdul Jaleel. He reached India via Iran and Afghanistan at the age of 38 years on Tuesday, 13th Ziqa'ad 1062 Hijri (15 October 1652 A.D) in the reign of Shah Jahan. He met Syed Abdul Jaleel Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who resided near the river Indus or Burhan pur or Aadil pur, and swore allegiance upon his hands on Monday, 10th Zilhaj 1062 Hijri (10th Nov 1652 A.D). Then on his orders, he went to Dehli on Wednesday 9th Safar 1063 Hijri (8th January 1653). Here, he bought some land and built his house and a Khanqah, where his shrine is situated now. He also built closets for the residence of the disciples on the land around the Khanqah and a mosque, which is now known as Shah Abdul Rehman Mosque. Present Sadar station and quarters of Muslim Waqf board are built on his land.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh spent his life in anonymity. He never liked fame and never went to the royal court or met the rulers or officials. He was a Sahib-e-Tasarruf (Man of Divine powers) Qadri Faqeer. Lacs of people in Dehli and its vicinity benefitted from him spiritually and lacs of people became his disciples. He was a "Qaim Maqam Faqeer" i.e. a Faqeer who benefits people while staying at one place. There is not any evidence that he ever went out of Dehli, once he came here.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh had wheatish complexion and medium height, his eyes were very beautiful and his face was so luminous with Divine Light that disciples could not fix gaze at his face.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh married a woman of Jilani Sadaats Syeda Zahida Khatoon on Monday 6th Jamadi-us-Sani, 1065 Hijri (12th April 1655 A.D) in Dehli. He had his first son Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen in 1070 Hijri (1660 A.D) who died with diarrhoea in 1075 Hijri (1665 A.D). In 1082 Hijri (1671 A.D) his second son Syed Abdul Aziz was born.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani died on the night of Friday 21st Ramadan 1088 Hijri (16 November 1677) and was buried in his closet. His wife died after 10 years in 1098 Hijri (1687 A.D). The great grand son of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani and grand son of syed Abdul Aziz, Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh leaded the Sarwari Qadri order after Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. His shrine is in Ahmd Pur Sharqiah, district Bahawalpur Pakistan.
The saintly lineage of Faqr reaches Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi from Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu in the following order:
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was a disciple of Syed Abdul Jaleel who was a disciple of Syed Abdul Baqqa disciple of Syed Abdul Sattar disciple of Syed Abdul Fattah disciple of Syed Najam-ud-Din Burhan Puri disciple of Syed Mohammad Yahyaa Sadiq Jilani disciple of Syed Abdul Jabbar bin Abu Saleh Nasar disciple of Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani disciple of Syedna Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu.
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan-ul-Faqr Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was the Khalifah-e-Akbar (the most superior spiritual successor) of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. Khalifah-e-Asghar (junior successor) included Shah Habib-Allah Qadri and Syed Mohammad Asghar who was the first caretaker of his shrine and had no children.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jillani's urs had been being celebrated on 21st Ramadan with great devotion for a long time. Till now, devotees celebrate his urs on 21st Ramadan.
During the British rule, a road and railway track was passed from the land around his shrine and the Sadar Railway station was also built here, but special care was taken to keep his shrine safe. A compound was made around the shrine to keep it separate from the railway system.
Address of the shrine: Old Dehli 6-towards the East of Lahori Darwaza near Sadar Railway Station Railway Colony, Muslim Waqf board quarters, Dehli-6-India.